داستانهای کوتاه اُ. هنری در جهان مشهورند و موضوعهای بسیار متنوعی را در برمی گیرند؛ «اُ. هنری» نام مستعار نویسنده آمریکایی، ویلیام سیدنی پورتر، است. داستانهای کوتاه اُ. هنری، به خاطر لطافت طبع، بازی با کلمات، شخصیتپردازی شورانگیز و پایان هوشمندانه و غافلگیرانهشان معروف هستند.
این نویسنده در طول عمر خود بیش از ۴۰۰ داستان کوتاه نوشت و امروزه جایزهای نیز به نام او وجود دارد. در جلد اول آثار اُ. هنری، ۹ داستان کوتاه از او روایت می شود. او هنری در ادبیات آمریکا نوعی از داستان کوتاه را به وجود آورد که گرهها در پایان داستان، به طرزی غافلگیرانه و غیرمنتظره، گشوده میشود. داستانهای این نویسنده آمریکایی معمولاً حول چهار محور «زندگی شهری»، بهویژه نیویورک، «عشق و روابط عاشقانه»، «زندگی در غرب» در مایه وسترن و «طنز» میچرخد.
This collection of 100 of O Henry’s finest stories is a showcase for the sheer variety of one of America’s best and best-loved short story writers The variety of the stories is amazing; O Henry is as at home describing life south of the Rio Grande as he is chronicling the activities and concerns of ‘the four million’ ordinary citizens who inhabited turn-of-the-century New York. They are marked by coincidence and surprise endings as well as the compassion and high humour that have made O Henry’s stories popular for the last century.
William Sydney Porter (۱۸۶۲-۱۹۱۰) published all of his worka novel and some 300 short storiesunder the pseudonym 0. Henry. His talent for vivid caricature, local tone, narrative agility, and compassion tempered by irony made him a vastly popular writer in the last decade of his life. He was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, to ordinary middle-class parents and worked in an uncle’s drugstore as a youth, becoming a certified pharmacist. Like many Southerners after the Civil War, he sought his fortune in the West, holding various jobs (newspaper work, clerking in a land office, a teller at an Austin bank). Charged with embezzlement in 1894, he fled to Honduras, returning in 1897 to be with his ill and dying wife. His conviction was caused more by his eluding trial than by the conflicting evidence of theft. In the Ohio State Penitentiary (1898-1901), he began to write the stories that made him famous. He moved to New York, remarried, and kept his identity a secret from all but a few friends. He is buried in Asheville, North Carolina. He is universally honored for his mastery of the short story and for his humane spirit.
Guy Davenport, a critic and writer of fiction, is best known for two books of essays, The Geography of the Imagination and Every Force Evolves a Form. He has published seven collections of short stories and numerous translations of early Greek poets and playwrights. Now retired, he was a professor of English at the University of Kentucky from 1964 to 1990. He is also a painter and illustrator.